Морально-этический кодекс современного работника инженерно-технического Морально-профессиональные нормы исторически развивались от конкретного к абстракт-ному.


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ɍȾɄ
378
Ɇɢɪɡɨɟɜ

ɒɚɣɞɚɛɟɝ

Ⱥɣɞɚɛɟɝɨɜɢɱ
ɞɨɤɬɨɪ

ɩɟɞɚɝɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ

ɧɚɭɤ
,
ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɨɪ

ɤɚɮɟɞɪɵ

ɩɟɞɚɝɨɝɢɤɢ

Ⱦɚɝɟɫɬɚɧɫɤɨɝɨ

ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ

ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ

ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɚ
ɬɟɥ
.: (
928
579
21
03
Ⱥɯɦɟɞɨɜɚ

Ɂɚɥɢɧɚ

Ɍɚɠɭɞɢɧɨɜɧɚ

ɚɫɫɢɫɬɟɧɬ

ɤɚɮɟɞɪɵ

ɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɵɯ

ɹɡɵɤɨɜ

ɞɥɹ

ɬɟ
ɧɢ
ɱɟɫɤɢɯ

ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɟɣ

Ⱦɚɝɟɫɬɚɧɫɤɨɝɨ

ɝɨɫɭɞɚ
ɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ

ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ

ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɚ
ɬɟɥ
.: (
928
579
21
03
ɆɈɊȺɅɖɇɈ
ɗɌɂɑȿɋɄɂɃ

ɄɈȾȿɄɋ

ɋɈȼɊȿɆȿɇɇɈȽɈ

ɊȺȻɈɌɇɂ
ɄȺ

ɂɇɀȿɇȿɊɇɈ
ɌȿɏɇɂɑȿɋɄɈȽɈ

ɉɊɈɎɂɅə
Ⱥɧɧɨɬɚɰɢɹ
:
ȼ

ɫɬɚɬɶɟ

ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɵ

ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɟ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɨ
ɷɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ

ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚ
ɧɢɹ

ɤ

ɪɚɛɨɬɧɢɤɚɦ

ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɧɨ
ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ

ɩɪɨɮɢɥɹ
.
Ⱥɜɬɨɪɚɦɢ

ɩɪɨɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪ
ɨ
-
ɜɚɧɚ

ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ
.
Ʉɥɸɱɟɜɵɟ

ɫɥɨɜɚ
:
ɝɭɦɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹ
,
ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ

ɤɨɞɟɤɫ
,
ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥ
ɶ
-
ɧɚɹ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ
,
ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɨ
ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɣ

ɤɨɞɟɤɫ
,
ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɟ

ɧɨɪɦɵ
,
ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɚɹ

ɷɬɢɤ
ɚ
.
Mirzoev Shaidabeg Aidabegovich
Doctor of Pedagogics,
professor
of the chair of pedagogics,
Dagestan State Technical University
tel
.:
(928) 579
21
03
Akhmedova Zalina Tazhudinovna
assistant of the chair of foreign languages
for technical spec
ialties,
Dagestan State Technical University
tel
.:
(928) 579
21
03
MORAL AND ETHICAL CO
DE OF
MO
ERN
EMPLOYEE
OF
ENGINEERING AND TECH
NICAL
PR
FILE
The summary:
The article deals with
the basic
moral and ethical
requirements
for
employees
of enginee
ring and
technical
profile
.
The authors analyzed
the system of
moral
relations
Keywords:
humanism,
moral
code
, professional
activity,
moral
and professional
code
,
moral principles
, professional
ethics
ɉɪɢ

ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ

ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ
,
ɤɨɝɞɚ

ɮɨɪɦɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ

ɪɵɧɨɱɧɵɟ

ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ
,
ɩɟɪɟɫɬɪɚɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ

ɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɟ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɨ

ɢ

ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟ

ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ
,
ɪɨɫɬ

ɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɝɨ

ɫɚɦɨɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɟɝɨ

ɧɚɱɚɥɚ

ɬɪɭɞɨɜɨɣ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ
,
ɭɫɢɥɟɧɢɟ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɮɚɤɬɨɪɨɜ

ɜ

ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ

ɟɟ

ɫɬɢɦɭɥɨɜ
,
ɝɭɦɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹ

ɪɚɡɧ
ɵɯ

ɫɮɟɪ

ɬɪɭɞɚ

ɜɟɞɟɬ

ɤ

ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨɦɭ

ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɸ

ɤɪɭɝɚ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɣ
,
ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ

ɩɪɟɬɟ
ɞɭɸɬ

ɧɚ

ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ

ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɤɨɞɟɤɫɨɜ
[1].
Ȼɟɡɭɫɥɨɜɧɨ
,
ɤɚɠɞɚɹ

ɬɪɭɞɨɜɚɹ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥ
ɶ
-
ɧɨɫɬɶ
(
ɧɟɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨ

ɨɬ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɢ
)
ɛɚɡɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ

ɧɚ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɚ
.
ɉɪɨɮɟɫɫɢ
ɨ
-
ɧɚɥɶɧ
ɚɹ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ
,
ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɦ

ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ

ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ

ɠɢɜɵɟ

ɥɸɞɢ
,
ɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬ

ɫɥɨɠɧɭɸ

ɫɢɫɬɟɦɭ

ɜɡɚɢɦɨɨɛ
ɫɥɨɜɥɟɧɧɵɯ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ
.
Ʉ

ɷɬɨɣ
ɛ
)
ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ

ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɚ

ɫ

ɤɨɥɥɟɝɚɦɢ
;

ɜ
)
ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ

ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɚ

ɤ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɭ
.
ɗɬɢ

ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ

ɢɡɭɱɚɸɬɫɹ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɷɬ
ɢɤɨɣ
.
Ʉɨɧɤɪɟɬɢɡɚɰɢɹ

ɠɟ

ɨɛɳɢɯ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɨɜ

ɢ

ɧɨɪɦɚ

ɬɚɤɢɯ

ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ

ɜ

ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ

ɫ

ɨɫ
ɨ
-
ɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɹɦɢ

ɬɨɝɨ

ɢɥɢ

ɢɧɨɝɨ

ɜɢɞɚ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ

ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ

ɫɨɛɨɣ


©ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɭɸª
ɦɨɪɚɥɶ
.
Ɉɧɚ

ɜɨɡɧɢɤɚɟɬ

ɜ

ɫɜɹɡɢ

ɫ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦ

ɪɚɡɞɟɥ
ɟɧɢɟɦ

ɬɪɭɞɚ
,
ɤ
ɨ
-
ɬɨɪɨɟ

ɩɨɥ
ɠɢɥɨ

ɧɚɱɚɥɨ

ɨɬɞɟɥɟɧɢɸ

ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɨ
ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɝɪɭɩɩ
.
ɋ

ɢɯ

ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ

ɜɨɡɧɢɤɥɚ

ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶ

ɜ

ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ

ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ

ɦɟɠɞɭ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɚɦɢ

ɢ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧ
ɚ
-
ɥɨɜ

ɫ

ɤɥɢɟɧɬɚɦɢ
.
ɋɧɚɱɚɥɚ

ɷɬɨ

ɛɵɥ

ɧɟɛɨɥɶɲɨɣ

ɤɪɭɝ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɣ
,
ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ

ɜ

ɩɪɨɰ
ɟɫɫɟ

ɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲ
ɟ
-
ɝɨ

ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ

ɬɪɭɞɚ

ɜɫɟ

ɛɨɥɶɲɟ

ɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɪɨɜɚɥɢɫɶ
,
ɜ

ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ

ɱɟɝɨ

ɜɨɡɧɢɤɚɥɢ

ɜɫ

ɧɨɜɵɟ

ɢ

ɧɨɜɵɟ
.
ȼ

ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ

ɨɬ

ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɵɯ

ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ

ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ

ɩɪɟɨɛɥɚɞɚɥɚ

ɬɚ

ɢɥɢ


ɢɧɚɹ

ɫɮɟɪɚ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ
.
Ɉɬɧɨɲɟɧ
ɢɟ

ɤ

ɧɟɣ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɚ

ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬ

ɟ
ɰɟ
ɧ
-
ɧɨɫɬɶ
[2]
Ɇɨɪɚɥɶɧɚɹ

ɨɰɟɧɤɚ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɢ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ

ɩɪɟɞɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬɫɹ

ɞɜɭɦɹ

ɮɚɤɬ
ɪɚɦɢ
:

ɜɨ
ɩɟɪɜɵɯ
,
ɬɟɦ
,
ɱɬɨ

ɞɚɧɧɚɹ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɹ

ɞɚɟɬ

ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨ

ɞɥɹ

ɨɛɳ
ɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ

ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ
,

ɜɨ
ɜɬɨɪɵɯ
,
ɬɟɦ
,
ɱɬɨ

ɨɧɚ

ɞɚɟɬ

ɱɟ
ɥɨɜɟɤɭ

ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨ
,
ɚ

ɢɦɟɧɧɨ

ɜ

ɩɥɚɧɟ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ

ɜɥɢɹɧɢɹ

ɧɚ

ɧɟɟ
.
Ɇɨɪɚɥɶɧɨ
ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɟ

ɧɨɪɦɵ

ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢ

ɪɚɡɜɢɜɚɥɢɫɶ

ɨɬ

ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɝɨ

ɤ

ɚɛɫɬɪɚɤ
ɬ
-
ɧɨɦɭ
.
ɋɧɚɱɚɥɚ

ɢɯ

ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ

ɛɵɥɨ

ɫɥɢɲɤɨɦ

ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɵɦ

ɢ

ɫɜɹɡɵɜɚɥɨɫɶ

ɫ

ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɦɢ

ɪɟɚɥ
ɶ
-
ɧɵɦɢ

ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹɦɢ

ɢɥɢ

ɩɪɟɞɦɟ
ɬɚɦɢ
.
ɂ

ɬɨɥɶɤɨ

ɜ

ɯɨɞɟ

ɞɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ

ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ

ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ

ɢɯ

ɫɦɵɫɥɨɜɨɟ

ɫɨɞɟɪɠ
ɧɢɟ

ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɟɬ

ɨɛɳɟɟ
,
ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɨɟ

ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ
.
Ɇɨɪɚɥɶɧɨ
ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɟ

ɤɨɞɟ
ɫɵ
,
ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ

ɫɬɚɥɢ

ɱɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɦ

ɷɤɜɢɜɚɥɟɧɬɨɦ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ

ɦɨɪɚɥɢ
,
ɪɚɡɜ
ɢɜɚɸɬ

ɬɚɤɢɟ

ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ

ɮɭɧɤɰ
ɢɢ
,
ɤɚɤ
:
ɩɨɡɧɚɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɭɸ
,
ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ

ɪɟɚɥɢɡɭɟɬɫɹ

ɜ

ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠ
ɟ
-
ɧɢɢ

ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɯ

ɩɪɨɰɟ
ɫɨɜ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ

ɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ

ɬɪɭɞɚ

ɜ

ɤɨɧ
ɤɪɟɬɧɵɯ

ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ

ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ
;
ɪɟɝɭɥɹɬɢɜɧɭɸ
(
ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ

ɜɡɚɢɦɨɫɜɹɡɶɸ

ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɨɜ

ɫ

ɨɛɳ
ɟ
-
ɫɬɜɨɦ
;
ɧɚɛɨɪɨɦ

ɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ

ɩɪ
ɢɟɦɨɜ

ɬ
ɪɭɞɚ
);
ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɧɨ
ɨɪɢɟɧɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɭɸ
(
ɞɚɸɬɫɹ

ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚ
ɜ
-
ɥɟɧɢɹ

ɨ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɨɦ

ɢɞɟɚɥɟ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɚ
,
ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɟ

ɨɛɹɡɚ
ɧɨɫɬɶ
,
ɱɟɫɬɶ
,
ɫɨɜɟɫɬɶ
,
ɫɩɪɚɜɟɞɥɢɜɨɫɬɶ
) [3].
ɋɥɟɞɭɟɬ

ɩɨɞɱɟɪɤɧɭɬɶ
,
ɱɬɨ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɚɹ

ɷɬɢɤɚ

ɪɚɡɜɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ

ɧɚ

ɩɟɪ
ɟ
-
ɫɟɱɟɧɢɢ

ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
,
ɧɨɪɦ
ɬɢɜɧɨɣ

ɢ

ɩɪɢɤɥɚɞɧɨɣ

ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɯ

ɱɚɫɬɟɣ
(
ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɨɜ
)
ɷɬɢɤɢ
,
ɟɟ

ɫ
ɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ

ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬɫɹ

ɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ

ɡɚɞɚɧɢɹɦɢ

ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɝɨ

ɜɢɞɚ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ
.
ɇɚ

ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ

ɭɪɨɜɧɟ

ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜ
ɸɬɫɹ

ɫɭɳɧɨɫɬɶ
,
ɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɨ
ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢ
ɣ
,
ɢɯ

ɦɟɫɬɨ

ɢ

ɪɨɥɶ

ɜ

ɠɢɡɧɢ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɚ
,
ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɟ

ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ

ɢ

ɬɟɧɞɟɧɰɢɢ

ɪɚ
ɜɢɬɢɹ

[4]
Ɉɞɧɢɦ

ɢɡ

ɜɚɠɧɵɯ

ɢ

ɦɚɫɫɨɜɵɯ

ɜɢɞɨɜ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɷɬɢɤɢ

ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ

ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɧɚɹ

ɷɬɢɤɚ
.
Ʉɚɤ

ɫɨɜɨɤɭɩɧɨɫɬɶ

ɧɨɪɦ
,
ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɯ

ɩ
ɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ

ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɚ
,
ɨɧɚ

ɧɚɱɚɥɚ

ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ

ɞɚɜɧɨ
.
Ʉ

ɱɢɫɥɭ

ɟɟ

ɧɨɪɦ

ɦɨɠɧɨ

ɨɬɧɟɫɬɢ

ɬɚɤɢɟ
,
ɤɚɤ

ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶ

ɞɨɛɪɨɫɨɜɟɫ
ɬ
-
ɧɨ

ɢɫɩɨɥɧɹɬɶ

ɫɜɨɸ

ɪɚɛɨɬɭ
;
ɫɨɡɞ
ɜɚɬɶ

ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ
,
ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ

ɩɪɢɧɨɫɢɥɢ

ɛɵ

ɥɸɞɹɦ

ɩɨɥɶɡɭ

ɢ

ɧɟ

ɩɪɢɱɢɧɹɥɢ

ɛɵ

ɜɪɟɞɚ
;
ɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ

ɡɚ

ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ

ɫɜɨɟɣ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥ
ɧɨɣ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ
;
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ

ɮɨɪɦ
ɵ

ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ
(
ɨɛɵɱɚɢ

ɢ

ɩɪɚɜɢɥɚ
,
ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɟ

ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ
)
ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɚ

ɫ

ɞɪɭɝɢɦɢ

ɭɱɚɫɬɧɢɤɚɦɢ

ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚ

ɫ
ɡɞɚɧɢɹ

ɢ

ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ

ɬɟɯɧɢɤɢ
.
ȼ

ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɦ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟ

ɥɢɱɧɨɫɬɧɵɟ

ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚ

ɢɧɞɢɜɢɞɚ

ɧɚɱɢɧɚɸɬɫɹ

ɫ

ɟɝɨ

ɞɟɥɨɜɨɣ

ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɢ
,
ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ

ɤ

ɬɪɭɞɭ
,
ɭɪɨɜɧɹ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢ
ɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɩɪɢɝɨɞɧɨɫɬɢ
.
ȼɫɟ

ɷɬɨ

ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬ

ɢɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɭɸ

ɚɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ

ɜ
ɨ
-
ɩɪɨɫɨɜ
,
ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɯ

ɫɨɞɟ
ɠɚɧɢɟ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɷɬɢɤɢ
.
ɉɨɞɥɢɧɧɵɣ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɢɡɦ

ɨɩɢɪɚɟɬɫɹ

ɧɚ

ɬɚɤɢɟ

ɦɨɪɚɥ
ɧɵɟ

ɧɨɪɦɵ
ɤɚɤ

ɞɨɥɝ
,
ɱɟɫɬɧɨɫɬɶ
,
ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ

ɤ

ɫɟɛɟ

ɢ

ɫɜɨɢɦ

ɤɨɥɥɟɝɚɦ
,
ɨɬɜɟ
ɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ

ɡɚ

ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ

ɫɜɨɟɝɨ

ɬɪɭɞɚ
.
Ɋɹɞ

ɬɚɤɢɯ

ɧɨɪɦ

ɮɢɤɫɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ

ɜ

ɸɪɢɞ
ɢ
-
ɱɟɫɤɢɯ

ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɚɯ
,
ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ
,
ɜ

ɡɚɤɨɧɚɯ
,
ɨɬɧɨɫɹɳɢɯɫɹ

ɤ

ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɦ

ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ
,
ɢɧɬɟɥɥɟɤɬ
ɭ
-
ɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ
,
ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɨɝɨ

ɩɪɚɜɚ
.
ȼɨɩɪɨɫɵ

ɜɡɚɢɦɨɫɜɹɡɢ

ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɨɜ

ɫ

ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɫɬɚɦɢ
,
ɫɨɰɢɨɥɨɝɚ
ɦɢ
,
ɸɪɢɫɬɚɦɢ
,
ɚ

ɬɚɤɠɟ

ɫ

ɚɝɪɨɧɨɦɚɦɢ
,
ɠɢɜɨɬɧɨɜɨɞɚɦɢ
,
ɥɟɫɨɜɨɞɚɦɢ
,
ɝɟɨɥɨɝɚɦɢ

ɢ

ɞɪ
ɭ
-
ɝɢɦɢ

ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ

ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ

ɩɪ
ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɚ

ɢ

ɩɪɢɪɨɞɵ

ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɸɬ

ɪɟɲɚɸɳɟɟ

ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ
.
ȼ

ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɨɝɨ

ɪɨɞɚ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɤɨɞɟɤɫɚɯ

ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɨɜ
(
ɚɦɟɪɢɤɚɧɫɤɢɯ
,
ɧɟɦɟɰɤɢɯ
,
ɪɨɫɫɢ
ɣ
-
ɫɤɢɯ
)
ɧɚɪɹɞɭ

ɫ

ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦɢ
,
ɨɬɧɨɫɹɳɢɦɢɫɹ

ɤ

ɨɛɳɟɣ

ɦɨɪɚɥɢ
,
ɨɛɵɱɧɨ

ɞɨɛɚɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ

ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪ
ɢ
-
ɫɬɢɤɢ
,
ɤɨɬɨɪɵɦ

ɞɨɥɠɧɵ

ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ

ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɢ

ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɧɨɝɨ

ɬɪɭɞɚ
.
ɇɚ

ɢɯ

ɨɫɧɨɜɟ

ɩɪ
ɨ
-
ɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨ
ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ

ɨ
ɥɢɤ

ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɚ

ɜɵɝɥɹɞɢɬ

ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦ

ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ
:
©ɨɧ

ɪɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɢɫɬ
,
ɨɛɥ
ɚɞɚɟɬ

ɧɚɛɨɪɨɦ

ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ

ɧɚɜɵɤɨɜ

ɢ

ɭɦɟɧɢɣª
,
ɢɦɟɟɬ

ɫɤɥɨɧɧɨɫɬɶ

ɤ

ɢɡɨɛɪɟɬɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɨɣ

ɞ
ɟ
-
ɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ
,
ɧɚɫɬɨɣɱɢɜ
,
ɫɤɪɭɩɭɥɟɡɟɧ
,
ɬɪɭɞɨɥɸɛɢɜ
,
ɛɞɢɬɟɥɟɧ
,
ɩɪɟɞɚɧ

ɫɜɨɟɦɭ

ɞɟɥɭ
,
ɢɫɤɪɟɧɟɧ
,
ɨɩɢɪɚɟɬɫɹ

ɜ

ɫɜɨɟɣ

ɞɟ
ɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ

ɧɚ

ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬ
.
ɂɧɠɟɧɟɪ

ɧɟ

ɛɟɡɭɱɚɫɬɟɧ

ɤ

ɫɭɞɶɛɟ

ɥɸɞɟɣ
,
ɢɛɨ

ɨɧ

ɫɩɨɫɨɛɫɬɜɭɟɬ

ɞɨɫɬɢɠɟɧɢɸ

ɢɦɢ

ɜɵɫɨɤɨɝɨ

ɭɪɨɜɧɹ

ɛɥɚɝɨɫ
ɫɬɨɹɧɢɹ
.
ɉɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɢ

ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɧɵɯ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɣ

ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ

ɩɨ
ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɦɭ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɦɢ

ɥɸɞɶɦɢ

[5]
.
ɂɧɠɟɧɟɪɧɵɣ

ɬɪɭɞ

ɜ

ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ

ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɨɧɧɨ
ɬɟɯ
ɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɚ

ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɥ

ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɨɟ

ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ
,
ɚ

ɧɪɚɜɫɬɜɟ
ɧ
-
ɧɵɟ

ɚɫɩɟɤɬɵ

ɟɝɨ

ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ

ɩɨɥɭɱɢɥɢ

ɧɚɡɜɚɧɢɟ

ɬɟɯɧɨɷɬɢɤɢ
.
Ɍɟɯɧ
ɷɬɢɤɚ

ɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ

ɫɥɨɠɧɨɟ

ɫ

ɬɨɱɤɢ

ɡɪɟɧɢɹ

ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ

ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ

ɢ

ɮɨɪɦ

ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ

ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɢ
.
Ɇɨɠɧɨ

ɝɨɜ
ɨ
-
ɪɢɬɶ

ɨɛ

ɨɩɪɟɞɟ
ɥɟɧɧɵɯ

ɪɚɡɧɨɜɢɞɧɨɫɬɹɯ

ɬɟɯɧɨɷɬɢɤɢ
.
ɇɨ

ɫ

ɩɨɡɢɰɢɣ

ɧɨɪɦ

ɨɛɳɟɣ

ɦɨɪɚɥɢ

ɨɧɚ

ɪɚ
ɫ
-
ɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ

ɤɚɤ

ɨɞɢɧ

ɢɡ

ɜɚɪɢɚɧɬɨɜ

©ɩɪɢɤɥɚɞɧɨɣ

ɷɬɢɤɢª
,
ɪɨɞ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɷɬɢɤɢ

ɢ

ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ

ɫɨɛɨɣ

ɧɪɚɜɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ

ɢɦɩɟɪɚɬɢɜ

ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ
,
ɩɟɪɟɯɨɞ

ɨɬ

ɷɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ

ɦɚɤɫɢɦ

ɤ

ɷɬ
ɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ

ɧɨɪɦɚɦ
,
ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɟɦɵɦ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ
.
ȼ

ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ

ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ

ɬɟɯɧɨɷɬɢɤɭ

ɧɚɢɛ
ɨ
-
ɥɟɟ

ɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ

ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɡɭɸɬ

ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɚɹ

ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɶ
(
ɩɪɢɝɨɞɧɨɫɬɶ
)
ɢ

ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢ
ɱ
-
ɧɨɫɬɶ
.
Ɉɧɢ

ɢɦɟɸɬ

ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɸɳɢɣ

ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪ

ɩɨ

ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɸ

ɤ

ɞɪɭɝɢɦ

ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɹɦ

ɬɟɯɧɨɷɬɢɤɢ
:
ɛɥ
ɚ
-
ɝɨɫɨɫɬɨɹɧ
ɢɸ

ɢ

ɡɞɨɪɨɜɶɸ

ɥɸɞɟɣ
,
ɢɯ

ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ
,
ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɢ
,
ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɸ

ɥɢɱɧɨɫɬɢ

ɢ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɚ
.
Ɍɟɯɧɨɷɬɢɤɚ

ɰɟɧɧ
ɫɬɟɣ

ɷɬɨ

ɷɬɢɤɚ

ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɣ
,
ɩɨɫɬɭɩɤɨɜ
.
ȿɟ

ɞɨɫɬɨɢɧɫɬɜɚ

ɫɨɫɬɨɹɬ

ɜ

ɬɨɦ
,
ɱɬɨ

ɨɧɚ

ɜɵɯɨɞɢɬ

ɡɚ

ɩɪɟɞɟɥɵ

ɬɟɯɧɢɤɢ

ɞɨɛɪɨɞɟɬɟɥɟɣ

ɢ

ɬɟɯɧɨɷɬɢɤɢ

ɞɨɥɝɚ
,
ɧɟ

ɨɩɪɨɜɟɪɝɚɟɬ

ɢɯ
,
ɚ

ɧɚɯɨɞ
ɢɬɫɹ

ɫ

ɧɢɦɢ

ɜɨ

ɜɡɚɢɦɧɨ

ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɦ

ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ
.
Ɍɟɯɧɨɷɬɢɤɚ

ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ

ɫɜɹɡɚɧɚ

ɬɚɤɠɟ

ɫ

ɤɨɥɢɱ
ɟ
-
ɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦ

ɩɨɞɫɱɟɬɨɦ

ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɧɵɯ

ɮɚɤɬɨɜ
.
Ʉɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ

ɫɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ

ɩɪɟɞɩɨɥɚɝɚɟɬ

ɨɞɧ
ɨ
-
ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ

ɫɪɚɜɧɢɜɚ
ɦɵɯ

ɜɟɳɟɣ
,
ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɟ

ɢɯ

ɬɨɠɞɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ
.
ɉɨɫɥɟ

ɭɫɬɚɧɨ
ɜɥɟɧɢɹ

ɬɨɠɞɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ

ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ

ɢɦ

ɩɪɢɩɢɫɵɜɚɸɬ

ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ

ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ

ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ
(
ɜɟɫ
).

ɗɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ

ɷɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ

ɤɨɞɟɤɫɨɜ

ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦ

ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ

ɡɚɜɢɫɢɬ

ɢ

ɨɬ

ɡɚɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɨɜɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ

ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɚ

ɛɵɬɶ

ɱɥɟɧɨɦ

ɞɚɧɧɨɣ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɚɫɫɨɰɢɚɰɢɢ
,
ɚ

ɬɚɤɠɟ

ɨɬ

ɫɩ
ɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɢ

ɫɨɨ
ɛ
-
ɳɟɫɬɜɚ

ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɬɶ

ɜ

ɬɨɦ

ɢɥɢ

ɢɧɨɦ

ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɦ

ɫɥɭɱɚɟ

ɫɚɦ

ɮɚɤɬ

ɧɚɪɭɲɟɧɢɹ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɤ
ɨ
-
ɞɟɤɫɨɜ
[6]
ɂɧɠɟɧɟɪ

ɞɨɥɠɟɧ

ɬɚɤɠɟ

ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶ

ɜɨ

ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ

ɧɚɪɹɞɭ

ɫ

ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ

ɰɟɥɹɦɢ

ɨ
ɛ
-
ɳɢɟ

ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ

ɰɟɥɢ

ɢ

ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ

ɢ

ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨ

ɪɟɚɥɢɡɨɜɵɜɚɬɶ

ɢɯ
.
Ʉ

ɫɮɟɪɟ

ɨɬɜɟ
ɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ

ɨɬɧ
ɨ
-
ɫɢɬɫɹ

ɬɚɤɠɟ

ɢ

ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ
,
ɜɵɯɨɞɹɳɚɹ

ɡɚ

ɪɚɦɤɢ

ɟɝɨ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ
ɧɚ

ɞɚ
ɧ
-
ɧɨɦ

ɪ
ɛɨɱɟɦ

ɦɟɫɬɟ
.
ɇɚ

ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɨɦ

ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɟ

ɥɟɠɢɬ
,
ɩɪɟɠɞɟ

ɜɫɟɝɨ
,
ɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ

ɡɚ

ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɭɸ

ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸ

ɥ
ɰɚɦ
,
ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɸɳɢɦ

ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ
,
ɤɚɤ

ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ
,
ɬɚɤ

ɢ

ɩɨɥɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ
.
ȼɵɫɨɤɢɟ

ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ

ɤ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɟ

ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɨɜ

ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɧɨ
ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ

ɫɮɟɪɵ

Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ

Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ

ɛɵɥɢ

ɢ

ɨɫɬɚɸɬɫɹ

ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɦ

ɝɚɪɚɧɬɨɦ

ɭɫɩɟɲɧɨɝɨ

ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ

ɥɸɛɨɣ

ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ
,
ɝɥɚɜɧɨɣ

ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɟɣ

ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ

ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ

ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢ
ɫɬɵ

ɫ

ɜɵɫɲɢɦ

ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɧɵɦ

ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɦ

ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ
.
ɉɪɨɜɨɞɢɦɚɹ

ɜ

Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ

ɦɨɞɟɪɧɢɡɚɰɢɹ

ɨɛɪ
ɚ
-
ɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ

ɩɪɟɞɩɨɥɚɝɚɟɬ

ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ

ɢɧɨɣ
,
ɩɨ

ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɸ

ɫ

ɩɪɨɲɥɵɦ
,
ɩɨ
ɯɨɞ

ɤ

ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɦ

ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɢ

ɞɢɩɥɨɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ

ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɨɜ

ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɧɨ
ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ

ɫɮɟɪɵ
.
ɂɧɬɟɪɟɫ

ɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɨɜ

ɤ

ɩ
ɪɨɮɟ
ɫ
-
ɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ

ɛɭɞɭɳɟɦɭ

ɫɩɨɫɨɛɫɬɜɭɟɬ

ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɭ

ɬɪɚɧɫɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ

ɧɚɦɟɪɟɧɢɣ

ɜ

ɬɜɨɪɱɟɫɤɢɟ

ɢ

ɷ
ɮ
-
ɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɟ

ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ
,
ɜɥɢɹɟɬ

ɧɚ

ɨɰɟɧɤɭ

ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɣ

ɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨɫɬɢ

ɭɫɩɟɯɚ
,
ɧɚ

ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ

ɭɞɨɜɥ
ɟ
-
ɬɜɨɪ
ɧɧɨɫɬɢ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɦ

ɜɵɛɨɪɨɦ
,
ɞɟɬɟɪɦɢɧɢɪɭɹ

ɥɢɱɧɨɫɬɧɨɟ

ɢ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɟ
ɪɚ
ɡ
-
ɜɢɬɢɟ

ɧɚ

ɷɬɚɩ
ɟ

ɨɛɭɱɟɧɢɹ

ɜ

ɜɭɡɟ
.
ȼ

ɬɨɠɟ

ɜɪɟɦɹ
ɨɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɟ

ɭ

ɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɨɜ

ɩɟɪɫɩɟɤɬɢɜɵ

ɛɭɞɭɳɟɝɨ

ɜ

ɡɚɞɚɧɧɨɦ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɦ

ɩɨɥɟ

ɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ

ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚɦ

ɫɚɦɨɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ

ɢ

ɫɚɦɨɚɤɬɭɚɥɢɡ
ɚ
-
ɰɢɢ
,
ɞɟɬɟɪɦɢɧɢɪɭɸɳɢɯ

ɤɚɪɶɟɪɧɭɸ

ɭɫɩɟɲɧɨɫɬɶ
.
ɂɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɦ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ

ɹɜɥ
ɹɟɬɫɹ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ
,
ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ

ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ

ɪɚɞɢ

ɞɪɭɝɢɯ

ɥɸɞɟɣ
.
ȼ

ɬɚɤɨɣ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ

ɢɦɟɟɬ

ɦɟɫɬɨ

ɨɫɨɡɧɚɧɢɟ

ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤɚ

ɤɚɤ

ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ

ɭɜɚɠɟɧɢɹ
,
ɡɚɛɨɬɵ
.
Ɇɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɟ

ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ

ɩɟɪɟɠɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ

ɤɚɤ

ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨ

ɡɧɚɱɢɦɵɟ
,
ɱɬɨ

ɫɩɨɫɨɛɫɬɜɭɟɬ

ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɸ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ

ɢ

ɤɚ
ɱɟɫɬɜ

ɥɢɱɧɨɫɬɢ
.
Ɇɵ

ɫɱɢɬɚɟɦ
,
ɱɬɨ

ɜ

ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɟ

ɭɫɜɨɟɧɢɹ

ɡɧɚɧɢɣ

ɢɡ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ

ɜɨɫɩɢɬɚɧɢɹ

ɨɛɹɡɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɦ

ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ

ɭɫɜɨɟɧɢɟ

ɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɨɦ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɧɨɪɦ

ɢ

ɥɢɱɧɨɫɬɧɨɟ

ɩɟɪɟɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ

ɢɯ

ɫ

ɩɨɡɢɰɢɢ

ɦ
ɨ
-
ɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ
.
ɑɚɫɬɨ

ɭɫɜɨɟɧɢɟ

ɡɧɚɧɢɣ

ɫɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ

ɥɢɲɶ

ɤ

ɢɧɬɟɪɩɪɟɬɚɰɢɢ

ɩɨɧɹɬ
ɢɣ

ɢɥɢ

ɬɪɟɛ
ɨ
-
ɜɚɧɢɣ
,
ɪɚɫɤɪɵɬɢɸ

ɞɟɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ

ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɹ
,
ɮɨɪɦɢɪɭɸɳɟɝɨ

ɭ

ɥɢɱɧɨɫɬɢ

ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɱɟɫɤɭɸ

ɩ
ɨ
-
ɡɢɰɢɸ

ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ

ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɯ

ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɣ
.
ɉɨɷɬɨɦɭ

ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɥɢɱɧɨɫɬɢ

ɞɨɥɠɧɨ

ɛɵɬɶ

ɬɟɫɧɨ

ɫɜɹɡɚɧɨ

ɫ

ɧɨɜɵɦɢ

ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚɦɢ

ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ

ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɚ
.
ɇɟɨ
ɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ

ɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶ

ɧɨɜɵɟ

ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɨ
ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɵɟ

ɪɟɚɥɢɢ
,
ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ

ɜɥɢɹɸɬ

ɧɚ

ɜɨɫɩɢɬɚɧɢɟ
(
ɧɟ

ɬɨɥɶɤɨ

ɧɟɝɚɬɢɜɧɵɟ
,
ɧɨ

ɢ

ɩɨɡɢɬɢɜɧɵɟ
).
ɍɱɟɬ

ɫɥɨɠɧɵɯ

ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ

ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ

ɦɨɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɰɟ
ɧɨɫɬɟɣ

ɜ

ɦɨɥɨɞɟɠɧɨɣ

ɫɪɟɞɟ

ɞɚɫɬ

ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ

ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɬɢɬɶ

ɞɟɤɥɚɪɚɬɢɜɧɵɣ

ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪ

ɩɪɢɜɢɜ
ɚɧɢɹ

ɦ
ɨ
-
ɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ

ɫɪɟɞɢ

ɦɨɥɨɞɟɠɢ
.
ɋɬɚɧ
ɜɢɬɫɹ

ɨɱɟɜɢɞɧɵɦ
,
ɱɬɨ

ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ
,
ɟ
ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ
,
ɞɨɥɠɧɵ

ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ

ɢɧɬɟɝɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ

ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɨɣ

ɛɭɞ
ɭ
-
ɳɟɝɨ

ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɚ
.
ȼ

ɟ
ɨɫɧɨɜɟ

ɫɨɜɨɤɭɩɧɨɫɬɶ

ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ

ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜ
,
ɦɟɬɨɞɨɜ

ɢ

ɡɧɚɧ
ɢɣ

ɫ

ɫɢɫɬɟ
ɦ
-
ɧɵɦ

ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ

ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɣ

ɨ

ɫɚɦɨɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɤɚɪɶɟɪɵ
,

ɜɦɟɫɬɟ

ɫɩɨɫɨɛɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ

ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ

ɥɢ
ɧɨɫɬɧɨɝɨ

ɩɨɬɟɧɰɢɚɥɚ
.
ɋɫɵɥɤɢ
:
1.
Ƚɢɥɶɛɭɯ

ɘ
.
Ɂ
.
ɍɱɢɬɟɥɶ

ɢ

ɩɫɢɯɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ

ɫɥɭɠɛɚ

ɲɤɨɥɵ
//
ɍɱɢɬɟɥɶ

ɢ

ɩɫɢɯɨɞɢɚɝɧɨɫɬɢɤɚ
.
ɢɟɜ
, 1993.
ʋ
12.
2.
Ɋɚɞɚɟɜ
.
ȼ
.
ȼ
.
Ɍɟɧɟɜɚɹ

ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɤɚ

Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ
:
ɢɡɦɟɧ
ɟ
-
ɧɢɟ

ɤɨɧɬɭɪɨɜ
//
Pro
et
Contra
.
1999.
Ɂɢɦɚ
.
3.
Ʉɭɯɚɪɟɜ

ɇ
.
ȼ
.
ɇɚ

ɩɭɬɢ

ɤ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ

ɫ
ɨ
-
ɜɟɪɲɟɧɫɬɜɭ
.
Ɇ
., 1990.
4.
Ⱦɟɪɤɚɱ

Ⱥ
.
Ⱥ
.,
Ʉɭɡɶɦɢɧɚ

ɇ
.
ȼ
.
Ⱥɤɦɟɨɥɨɝɢɹ
:
ɩɭɬɢ

ɞ
ɨ
-
ɫɬɢɠɟɧɢɹ

ɜɟɪɲɢɧ

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɢɡɦɚ
.
Ɇ
., 1
993.
5.
Ȼɨɝɞɚɧɨɜ

ȿ
.
ɇ
.
ɇɪɚɜɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ

ɱɭɜɫɬɜɚ

ɜ

ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɟ

ɥɢɱɧɨɫɬɢ
:
ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ

ɢ

ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ
//
ɋɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ

ɩɟɞɚɝɨɝɢɤɚ
. 1986.
ʋ
4.
ɋ
. 41
í
46.
6.
Ɂɢɧɱɟɧɤɨ

ȼ
.
ɉ
.
ɉɫɢɯɨɥɨɝɢɹ

í

ɩɟɪɟɫɬɪɨɣɤɟ
//
ȼɟɫ
ɬ
-
ɧɢɤ

ɜɵɫɲɟɣ

ɲɤɨɥɵ
. 1987.
ʋ
7.
ɋ
. 49
í
58.
References
(transliterated)
1.
Gil
މ
buh
Y.Z. Uchitel
މ
i psihologicheskaya sluzhba
shkoly // Uchitel
މ
i psihodiagnostika. Kiev, 1993.
No.
12.
2.
Radaev. V.V. Tenevaya ekonomika Rossii: i
menenie
konturov // Pro et Contra. 1999. Zima.
3.
Kuharev N.V. Na puti k professional
މ
nomu
sovershenstvu. M., 199
0.
4.
Derkach A.A., Kuz
މ
mina N.V. Akm
ologiya: puti dost
i-
zheniya vershin professionalizma. M., 1993.
5.
Bogdanov
.N. Nravstvenn
ye
chuvstva v strukture
lichnosti: soderzhanie i funktsii // Sovremennaya pe
d-
agogika. 1986.
No.
4.
. 41
í
46.
6.
Zinchenko V.P. Psiholo
giya
í
perestro
ke // Vestnik
vyssh
ey
shkoly. 1987.
No.
7.
. 49
í
58.

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